Bald Spots – No Hair In Patches. Cause And Treatment Options By Dermatologist?

Bald Spots

Bald spots, also known as alopecia, can be a source of concern and insecurity for many people. The condition can be caused by various factors, ranging from genetics to medical conditions. Hair loss could start early or late, depending on several factors. However, multiple bald spot treatments are available to help manage and treat bald spots on the head.

What are Bald Spots?

Alopecia Areata is a widespread autoimmune disorder that leads to sudden hair loss. It affects around 147 million people globally. Usually, hair loss occurs in small, quarter-sized patches on the head, but in some cases, it can spread to more expansive areas. When there is a total loss of hair on the scalp, it's referred to as Alopecia Totalis, whereas if hair loss occurs all over the body, it's called Alopecia Universalis.

Types of Bald spots?

Baldness - is the significant loss of hair from the scalp. Hair loss is a common problem and appears in various ways. It might begin suddenly or gradually affecting the hair on the head or the entire body. Bald Spots type might include:

  1. Gradual hair loss on the head's crown: The most prevalent type of hair loss brought on by age is - the gradual thinning on top of the head. In Men, hair frequently begins to recede at the forehead hairline. Whereas women often lose full strands of hair from the scalp. Older women more typically encounter a hair loss pattern known as the receding hairline.
  2. Patchy or Circular bald patches: Some people experience balding on their scalp in the form of circular or patchy bald spots. Before the hair falls out, the skin may become unpleasant or itchy.
  3. Sudden loss of hair: A mental or physical trauma might cause premature hair loss. While brushing, washing, or even styling, one might lose a few handfuls of hair. Although transient, this hair loss typically results in general hair thinning.
  4. Hair loss that covers the entire body: Full body may experience widespread hair loss due to some illnesses or medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer. Usually, the hair grows back in such cases.

What causes Bald Spots?

An autoimmune disorder called alopecia barbae causes patchy hair loss because the body's immune system attacks hair follicles.

Most of the time, hair loss happens in little circular patches, frequently along the head crown. Unable to grow new hair after severe hair fall causes bald spots.

Usually, one or more of the following factors contribute to hair loss:

  1. Genetics: Hereditary baldness is a common cause of bald spots. It is typically associated with male-pattern baldness, affecting the head's crown.
  2. Medical conditions: Some medical conditions, such as autoimmune disorders or fungal infections, can lead to hair loss and bald spots.
  3. Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during menopause or pregnancy, can also cause hair loss and bald spots.
  4. Stress: Stress can lead to hair loss and bald spots due to changes in hormone levels.
  5. Medications: Medications like chemotherapy drugs causes hair loss and bald spots.

Risk Factors

There are several reasons elevating the risk of hair loss, such as:

  1. Family heredity of baldness.
  2. Age-related
  3. Weight reduction
  4. Medical disorders, like lupus and diabetes
  5. Unsound nutrition


Genetics is mainly blamed for baldness. It is impossible to stop this kind of hair loss.

Still, one could avoid preventable kind of hair loss by following these recommendations:

  1. One should handle hair with utmost care. While brushing the hair, use a detangler to avoid putting extra pressure, especially if wet. A wide-toothed comb is a better alternative to regular combs.
  2. Refrain from indulging in severe hair treatments like hot rollers, curling irons, hot-oil treatments, or permanents.
  3. Avoid tight braids, rubber bands, and barrettes to prevent hair breakage and loss.
  4. Consult a doctor if currently undergoing any treatment or medication that could be the cause of hair loss.
  5. Hair should not be exposed to sun or UV rays for a long duration.
  6. Excess consumption of alcoholic beverages and smoking must be avoided.
  7. Use the cooling hat during the chemotherapy session to reduce the overall effect of radiation on hair loss.

How to get rid of Bald Spots?

It is possible to stop future hair loss and delay the thinning process in several ways. One can also treat bald patches on the head with home remedies. Recent therapy options and innovative procedures available might also promote hair growth.

  1. Topical minoxidil: Minoxidil is a topical medication that can be applied directly to the scalp to promote hair growth.
  2. Hair transplant surgery: Hair transplant surgery involves removing hair from one area of the scalp and transplanting it to the bald spot.
  3. Scalp micro pigmentation: Scalp micro pigmentation involves tattooing the scalp to create the illusion of hair follicles.
  4. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy: PRP therapy involves using a patient's blood to promote hair growth.
  5. Hairpieces or wigs: Wearing a hairpiece or wig can help to cover bald spots.

PRP Hairfall Treatment: The Best way to get rid of Bald Spots

PRP is a minimally invasive, non-surgical procedure. In this process, doctors use a concentrated solution of the patient's platelets to promote hair growth on the scalp. A sample of the patient's blood is drawn for the procedure and processed in a centrifuge to separate the platelets from the other blood cells. PRP, a concentrated platelet solution, is injected into the scalp or topically applied to the treatment region.

Most people say that getting PRP treatment is not too painful. A local anesthetic may be administered to the treatment region to lessen discomfort.

Procedure: PRP treatment can be quickly summarized in three significant steps as given below:

  1. Prepare: In the first step, Plasma is extracted from the patient's blood.
  2. Process: Secondly, the PRP is injected into the patient's scalp.
  3. Execute: Lastly, the injection stimulates the hair follicles, promoting the growth of new hairs.

Treatable Concerns: PRP Hairfall Treatment is considered effective in treating the concerns such as Hair Thinning, hair loss & Baldness, Alopecia Areata, and Haircare.

Results: Although the effects of PRP therapy can differ from person to person, many people report enduring effects. Maintenance treatments are typically advised every 4-6 months to preserve the advantages of PRP.

Pre-Care Tips for PRP Treatment:

PRP Treatment requires extensive care before treatment to complete the procedure without any interventions. Blood thinning medication or drugs should be avoided before the treatment. A doctor's consultation is essential if the patient is already on some medication. At least one week before the treatment, direct exposure to sun rays, hair coloring, and hair styling should be eluded for better results. Using regular shampoo, abstaining from alcoholic beverages, and drinking plenty of water are suggested by medical experts before undergoing PRP treatment.

Post-Care Tips for PRP Treatment:

The period after the PRP treatment is crucial for determining hair growth. During this time, the patient must carefully listen to all the post-care tips advised by the doctors. Medical experts suggest avoiding touching the scalp area, which has been treated for the first eight hours. Usage of painkillers for the first two weeks is also prohibited to prevent any complications. Wait until the hair dries after the treatment before applying any hair care products. Doctors suggest refraining from a hot tub, pool, or steam room for at least two days after the treatment. Patients should also avoid doing any strenuous exercises. Most importantly, alcoholic beverages, highly caffeinated beverages, and smoking must be avoided for at least three days.

The doctors' post-care tips must be strictly followed for better PRP treatment results.

Therefore, the entire PRP treatment is based on nutritious plasma. The blood plasma is injected into the scalp of the patients, especially in areas that have suffered baldness. The injected plasma nourishes the hair follicle and improves hair growth.

Hence, PRP is a non-surgical and quick process in which a medical practitioner uses your body's plasma to promote new hair growth and nourish hair follicles. PRP is the safest and most effective procedure to combat baldness. PRP helps to regrow new and stronger hair.


In conclusion, Bald spots are caused due to several factors. They can or cannot be genetic. But despite the different causes of baldness, it can be easily cured with the help of PRP treatment. Medical Expert considers PRP one of the most effective treatments that do not include surgery or incisions. So, with PRP, no men have to hide their heads with caps, and women can fearlessly flaunt their stronger hair. The treatment shows a positive impact irrespective of gender. PRP is the best bald spot on the head for woman treatment and men too. Consult dermatologists of UNCOVER Clinics for correct advice and effective treatment options.

Tags :
bald spots, hair fall, HAIR LOSS
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